Cricket and Baseball related bat-and-ball are the most well known members of the family in the game. Despite their similarities, there are many differences between play and strategy in both the games. A comparison between baseball and cricket can be a director for any game’s followers, because similarities help to highlight each game in particular nuances.
Comparison between Cricket and Baseball
Pitch Vs Pitch :-
A pitch in cricket is the strip of ground between the two wickets, whereas a pitch in baseball is referred to the delivery of the ball by the pitcher.
• Cricket Pitch :-
It is believed that the early form of cricket was played in the early “16th century”. There were several major developments and changes in it as it gained immense popularity, and in the “18th century”, England became the national sport too. The early form of cricket was played with the club (shaped like a hockey stick), in which the ball was rolled towards the batsman (and no bowling). However, the style of bowling and the design of the bat evolved somewhere around the “19th century”. Cricket As we see today, different from one played in the past. There have been many changes in the rules to make cricket a safe and entertaining sport.
• Baseball Pitch :-
Baseball can be originated in the 1700s, whereby it was played in a triangular field unlike a diamond one, and employed posts instead of bases. Although the game was born in England, but it was transferred to North America through some English immigrants. Unlike cricket, in the early form of baseball, it was quite common for modern baseball, including bowling, batting and running to score runs. However, the purpose of the early form of baseball (called stool ball), which was played between the two teams, was targeted for one team, while the other team had to defend it using the bat. If the ball hit the target, the batsman was declared. Baseball too underwent several modifications leading to the modern bat-ball game that we see today.
• Cricket Field :-
A cricket field requires a minimum area of “17,556 square meters”. The horizontal length between the two square boundaries shall be a minimum of “137.16 meters”, with the shortest part from the center (of the pitch) being at least “59.43 meters”.
Similarly, the distance between the straight boundaries should be at least “128 meters”. The total limit from the center of the pitch should not exceed “82.29 meters”. In addition, a minimum of “2.74 meters” should be maintained between the boundary and surrounding fencing (advertisement signals); While diving, it is necessary for a fielder to avoid injuries.
The pitch spans a total of “20.12 meters in length, and 3.05 meters in width”. Both ends of the pitch have two horizontal crease lines, and two vertical ones. The vertical ones are referred to as ‘return creases’. The innermost of the horizontal creases are called ‘popping creases’, whereas the outermost are called ‘bowling/batting creases’.
The length of the pitch is calculated from the bowling crease to the batting crease, both of which have the stumps placed in them. The distance between the bowling/batting crease and the popping crease should be a minimum of “1.22 meters”.
A very interesting thing about the cricket field is that there is no restriction on the size of the field. It can be elliptical, oval, more of a rectangle, and the like, provided it meets the specified dimensions.
• Baseball Field :-
A baseball field bears a typical shape like that of a diamond. The infield is a “27.43 meter square”, each corner of which has a base (home, first, second, and third in an anti-clockwise sequence). The home base (as shown in the illustration) is the one where the two foul lines converge.
Any ball played behind the foul lines is considered to be a foul. The home base plate is a Pentagon, this is the parallel side “8.5 inches”, the base is “17 inches”, and the remaining two sides measure “12 inches” each and set at an angle to meet at a point. Both sides of the home plate have two batter boxes, one for the right hand batsman and the other for the left hand. Each batter’s box is “1.8 meters long and 1.2 meters wide”. Just behind the house plate there is a catching box that measures “2.43 meters long, and 1.09 meters wide”.
Right in front of the home base is the pitcher’s mound, a circle of diameter “5.47 meters” occupied by the pitcher when pitching the ball. This mound is equidistant from the first and the third base, whereas it is slightly closer to the home base by a few meters. The distance from the home base to the pitchers mound is “18.39 meters”. The square including some portion in its vicinity is called the infield, the remaining portion is called the outfield. The bases and the infield vicinity does not contain grass or turf, while the outfield has grass or artificial turf laid on it.
Format of Play :-
• Cricket :-
Cricket is a team game, essentially played in two teams, each of which has 11 players. The batting team has 2 players (batsmen) at a time, while the bowling team has 1 bowler, 1 wicketkeeper and 9 fielders. Each team has players who specialize in batting or bowling (or sometimes both – all-rounder). A well-balanced team consists of mostly 5/6 batsmen, and the number of equal bowlers. This makes the team strong in both dimensions of the game.
Three different formats of cricket exist: Test, one-day, and twenty-twenty (T-20) cricket. The rules vary according to the format of cricket being played. Test cricket is played over 5 consecutive days. Each team bowls twice and bats twice.
One-day cricket, as the name implies, is played for the duration of one day, and includes a single match of 50 overs per inning (for 2 innings).
The recent version T20, or Twenty-20, involves a single match of 20 overs per innings or team (for 2 innings). These matches are pretty short, and last for approximately 3 hours.
In cricket, the first team to bat/ball is decided by a toss. Also, the fielding arrangement can be changed by the bowler to suit his style of bowling. Also, there are only two umpires present on the field.
• Baseball :-
Unlike cricket, baseball is played in 9 innings. Two teams of 9 players compete to make more runs than each team. At each innings, a team bat and another one bowl. In the batting team, a maximum of 4 players can be available on the field, while the team has to use a pitcher, a catcher and seven fielders – 4 on the infield and 3 on the outfield to bowl.
The ‘away/visiting team’ bats in the first half of every inning, whereas the ‘home team’ bats in the second half. In contrast, an inning in cricket itself refers to one half of the game. One half of the inning in baseball ends when 3 outs are recorded (no ball restrictions). So basically, a baseball tournament is a series of nine individual matches.
In baseball, fielders follow somewhat standard positions in the field. Of the four infielders, two are stationed at the first and third bases, whereas the remaining two are positioned on either side of the third base. Of the outfielders, one stands in the center, and the other two stand close to the sides. In baseball, a total of 4-5 umpires are present on the field.
• Cricket :-
The equipment used in cricket includes a ball, bats, wickets, and protective gear (for the batsmen). There are two types of balls that vary according to the format of cricket played. Test cricket employs a red ball for better visibility over the players’ white jerseys. On the other hand, one-day and T20 cricket employ a white ball as the player jerseys are colored.
There are two sets of wickets on a cricket field, each comprising 3 stumps and 2 bails. Stumps are made of wood, and are hammered into the ground. The 2 bails (also made of wood) rest on the 3 stumps. Each of the two batsmen guards a wicket. The batsman on strike tries to guard the wicket by his bat, if he fails and the ball hits the stump he’s out. Also, a fielder or the wicket-keeper can throw the ball at the wicket in an attempt to dismiss the batsmen in case he’s not inside the popping crease.
Modern cricket uses protective gear in order to prevent injuries and mishaps during play. Although not compulsory, it’s seriously recommended. This is because, the cricket ball being very hard can cause serious injuries and even death in extreme cases if it hits a player at high speeds (especially the batsman). Therefore, both batsman are seen to wear a helmet, gloves, thigh pads, knee guards, elbow guards, chest guards, jockstraps, and several other protective equipment.
• Baseball :-
A game of baseball requires a bat, a ball, bases, mitts and protective equipment. Balls in baseball are made of a cork core, and are tightly wound by string or yarn. The outer casing is made of leather, and is made of two portions that are stitched together. However, unlike cricket, the ball doesn’t have any separately stitched seams. In baseball, balls are always white in color with red stitches.
Baseball jerseys or uniforms could be of any color and include a shirt, pant, and a cap. Uniforms should be compulsorily worn by all players, coaches, and managers. Players also wear baseball specific shoes called baseball cleats meant for better traction; the cleats are made of either metal or rubber.
Similarities Between the Cricket and Baseball :-
Keeping the above three aspects in mind, there are some similarities between the two sports, except for the fact that they are bat and ball games. We have tried to list most of them, take a look!
➔ The distance between the pitcher/bowler and batter/batsmen in both sports is somewhat similar. It is 18.39 meters in baseball, and 20.12 meters in cricket.
➔ In both sports, at any point of time, all players of only one of the two teams are present on the field.
➔ Also, the ultimate objective of both sports is to score more runs than the opponent. The concept of hitting the ball and taking a run is similar in both games.
➔ The role of players too has a lot in common among the two. There is a batsman/batter, a bowler/pitcher, wicket-keeper/catcher, fielders, and umpires.
➔ Coming to the equipment, balls used in both sports are made out of a cork core, and are wrapped in portions of leather .
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